Hoe, Richard March

SUBJECT AREA: Paper and printing
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b. 12 September 1812 New York, USA
d. 7 June 1886 Florence, Italy
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American inventor of the rotary printing press.
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He was the son of Robert Hoe, a printer who improved the cylinder press invented by David Napier. At the age of 15 he entered his father's business, taking full control of it three years later. Newspaper publishers demanded ever-increasing speeds of output from the printing press, and Hoe was one of those who realized that the speed was limited by the reciprocating action of the flat-bed machine. In 1846 he constructed a rotary press in which a central cylinder carried the type and flat sheets of paper were fed to smaller impression cylinders ranged around it. This kind of press, with four impression cylinders, was first used to print the Philadelphia Public Ledger in 1847, and was able to print 8,000 papers per hour. Such presses reigned supreme for newspaper printing in many countries for twenty-five years: in 1857, for example, The Times had a ten-feeder machine making 20,000 impressions per hour. Even so, the quest for speed, now limited by the single-sheet feed, continued. William Bullock (1813–67) introduced continuous roll or web feed for the Philadelphia Inquirer in 1865, and the next year The Times followed suit with the web-fed Walter press. In 1871 Hoe devised a machine that combined all the advantages of the existing machines, producing a rotary, web, perfecting (printing on both sides of the paper at once) machine, first used in the office of the New York Tribune. Ten years later the Hoe Company devised a folding machine to fold the copies as they came off the press: the modern newspaper printing press had arrived. In addition to his contributions to the printing industry, Hoe was a good employer, arranging free evening classes and other welfare services for his apprentices.
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Further Reading
R.Hoe, 1902, A Short History of the Printing Press, New York. S.D.Tucker, A History of K.Hoe \& Co. New York.
LRD

Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

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  • Hoe, Richard March — ▪ American inventor and manufacturer born Sept. 12, 1812, New York, N.Y., U.S. died June 7, 1886, Florence, Italy  American inventor who developed and manufactured the first successful rotary (rotary press) printing press.       He was the son of …   Universalium

  • Hoe, Robert; and Hoe, Richard (March) — born Oct. 29, 1784, Hoes, Leicestershire, Eng. died Jan. 4, 1833, New York, N.Y., U.S. born Sept. 12, 1812, New York, N.Y., U.S. died June 7, 1886, Florence, Italy Father and son, inventors. Robert immigrated to the U.S. in 1803. In New York City …   Universalium

  • Hoe, Robert y Hoe, Richard (March) — (29 oct. 1784, Hoes, Leicestershire, Inglaterra–4 ene. 1833, Nueva York, N.Y., EE.UU.) (12 sep. 1812, Nueva York, N.Y., EE.UU.–7 jun. 1886, Florencia, Italia). Padre e hijo, ambos inventores. Robert emigró a EE.UU. en 1803. En la ciudad de Nueva… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Richard March Hoe — (* 12. September 1812 in New York; † 7. Juni 1886 in Florenz) war der US amerikanische Erfinder der Rotationsdruckmaschine. Leben Richard M. Hoe wurde in …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Richard March Hoe — Infobox Engineer image width = 150px caption = PAGENAME name = PAGENAME nationality = American birth date = birth date|1812|9|12|mf=y birth place = New York City death date = death date and age|1886|6|7|1812|9|12|mf=y death place = Florence,… …   Wikipedia

  • Richard — /ri shahrd /; Fr. /rddee shannrdd /, n. Maurice /maw rees /; Fr. /moh rddees /, ( the Rocket ), born 1921, Canadian hockey player. /rich euhrd/, n. a male given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Allen Richard Arkwright Sir Richard Attlee… …   Universalium

  • Richard — (as used in expressions) Allen, Richard Arkwright, Sir Richard Attlee, Clement (Richard), 1 conde Attlee de Walthamstow Avedon, Richard Ballinger, Richard A(chilles) Barton, Sir Derek H(arold) R(ichard) Bentley, Richard Bonington, Richard Parkes… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • march — march1 /mahrch/, v.i. 1. to walk with regular and measured tread, as soldiers on parade; advance in step in an organized body. 2. to walk in a stately, deliberate manner. 3. to go forward; advance; proceed: Time marches on. v.t. 4. to cause to… …   Universalium

  • March — /mahrch/, n. the third month of the year, containing 31 days. Abbr.: Mar. [bef. 1050; ME March(e) < AF Marche; r. OE Martius < L, short for Martius mensis month of Mars (Marti , s. of Mars + us adj. suffix)] /mahrch/ for 1 3; /mahrddkh/ for 4, n …   Universalium

  • Hoe — oder Hoè ist der Name folgender Orte: Hoe (Norfolk), Dorf im District Breckland in Norfolk in England Hoè, Ortsteil der Gemeinde Santa Maria Hoè in der Provinz Lecco in der Region Lombardei in Italien Hoe ist der Familienname folgender Personen:… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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